Planning matters

by | May 6, 2020

When drones collide – new rules for flyers as planning plays catch-up

New laws[1] for drone[2] operators were recently announced by central government, restricting drone flights in the UK to under 400 feet[3] and prohibiting devices within 1km of an airport boundary[4]. Failure to comply will be a criminal offence and could result in an unlimited fine, up to five years in prison or both. In addition, owners of drones weighing 250 grams (that’s the equivalent of a block of butter) and over will need to register details of their drones with the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) and users will have to sit safety awareness tests. These new rules apply to recreational and commercial operators – including those amateur flyers tinkering with their ‘cheap and cheerful’ purchased from their local Argos store.

What is driving these new laws?

These new rules are aligned with the aims and objectives of the ‘Grand Challenge’ for the ‘future of mobility’, which was set out in the Government’s ‘Industrial Strategy’[5]. They follow a public consultation[6] that was run last year addressing safety, security and privacy challenges around drone technology and come ahead of the Drone (Regulation) Bill 2017-19 (the House of Commons 2nd reading is expected in early 2019). Among the measures planned for the forthcoming Drone Bill, as well as further secondary legislation amendments, are new powers for the police to order an operator to ground a drone if it’s deemed necessary. The police will also be able to seize drone parts, to prove it has been used to commit a criminal offence.

The Government says that ensuring drones are being used safely will pave the way for the devices to play an increasingly important role in society.

Demonstrating that the industry can operate safely will be key to its advancement. In the UK, drone use incidents continue to make the headlines, reinforcing public concerns about safety, privacy and security. The number of near misses between drones and aircraft has nearly tripled in the last two years, with 92 incidents recorded in 2017 alone[7].

Chicken and egg – regulation first, or technological advancement?

This rapidly evolving new branch of aviation will need a set of standards to support safe, efficient, orderly, reliable and sustainable high-frequency drone operations in an already crowded UK airspace system; these new drone rules could be laying the foundations for such a future legal framework. But what should come first: regulation or technological advancement? Too much regulation too soon could potentially stifle technological advancement but not enough could limit future investment. If regulators are unable to define precise regulations without understanding the new technologies, the industry may be less willing to invest in developing them when there is uncertainty over how the technologies will be regulated. There is a need for a careful balance to be struck.

Current policy and regulatory framework

Currently, drone policy and relevant legislation are largely the responsibility of the CAA and the Department for Transport (DfT).

Civilian drone operations are regulated and enforced by the CAA. The CAA’s main legislative tool is the Air Navigation Order (ANO) 2016, which draws together legislation covering all aircraft, air traffic management, crew, passengers and cargo. The CAA primary aim is “to ensure that drones do not cause any serious aviation accident, [its] work in this area covers both consumer awareness and engagement across the industry”.

Many of the issues surrounding drones are not aviation-related and therefore fall within the remit of other statutory bodies such as the police and emergency services, Highways England and highways authorities, and local councils. To address this, the CAA has signed a memorandum of understanding with the police, DfT and the Home Office to ensure that their areas of responsibility are defined. As the range and scale of drone operations continues to grow, statutory bodies are increasingly aware of how drone operations affect their areas of responsibility and are developing specific policies and guidelines. What is not clear is whose responsibility it is to ensure all measures are joined up.

Advancement of the industry may include the full and safe integration of drones into non- segregated airspace. To achieve this requires technology, which is not yet fully developed, for sensing and avoiding air traffic under all possible scenarios. In the interim, Government policy and regulation is likely to focus on drone system reliability and enforcement, as well as training and qualification standards for drone pilots and operators. Other issues are likely to emerge, relating to privacy, security and third-party liability, to improve integration and perhaps just as important, the public perception of drones.

The UK Government and CAA are also working with international aviation bodies[8] to develop standards for the commercial use of drones, including how airlines and cargo operators use them and how they will be integrated into airspace. Autonomous Systems Technology Related Airborne Evaluation & Assessment (ASTRAEA) is a UK industry-led consortium focusing on the technologies, systems, facilities, procedures and regulations that will allow highly automated vehicles to operate safely and routinely in civil airspace over the UK. ASTRAEA’s focus is on separation assurance and control (i.e. ‘detect and avoid’ technology) and autonomy and decision making.

At a local level, the approach of local authorities towards the use of drones varies. Some have published guidance on their use in their localities, such as policies to regulate the use of drones on any council-owned land. For example, Leicester City Council prohibits the use of drones, both for recreational and commercial purposes, on Council land; this is to limit potential liability arising from the activities of a drone and its operator, including accident or injury, and because of the proximity of their land to private properties.

Currently, CAA regulation requires any camera-equipped drone operator who does not have an additional permission from the CAA to have a ground ‘footprint’ below the drone. Within this footprint there should be no uninvolved members of the public. How this is achieved in a busy urban environment is unclear. Is a formal arrangement required with the relevant authority to temporarily restrict pedestrian and vehicular access, or to restrict access to shops, dwellings and other property?

Nesta’s Challenge Prize Centre, in collaboration with Innovate UK, has launched the Flying High Challenge. This is a programme to convene city leaders, regulators, public services, and industry around the future of drones in the UK cities. The objective is to help cities explore the public attitudes, logistics and safety of drones operating in complex urban environments and develop plans for drone use for their communities. Eight UK cities and conurbations are participating in this programme, including Bradford, London, Preston, Southampton and the West Midlands. Tris Dyson, director of the Challenge Prize Centre at Nesta notes “ultimately, integrating technologies like drones into the London cityscape will be as much about urban planning as it is about technological design[9]”.

What could this all mean for planning?

To date, rules governing drones relate to the civil aviation regime, via the Civil Aviation Act 1982 and its enacting and soon-to-be-amended Air Navigation Order 2016, but not the planning regime. This means that there is no planning regulation or policy yet, guiding how the use of drones is incorporated into our environment.

This raises some interesting questions for those looking to incorporate drone operations into an existing use, or indeed to set up a standalone ‘drone-port’. Possible drone applications that immediately come to mind are distribution and warehousing facilities for transporting goods (e.g. Amazon, Royal Mail, Sainsbury’s), passenger transport ‘drone-stops’ or ‘drone-parks’ (Uber), stores for ‘COW Sell on Wheels’ (Vodafone), and re-charge facilities (TfL).

When would a material change of use occur, such that planning permission should be applied for? What would a drone facility comprise – would it be considered to be an airport, or some other type of development? Would re-charge facilities be required for drones en-route to their destinations? Who would be an affected stakeholder, if a drone development proposal came forward? What are the environmental impact considerations? Would drone facilities be environmental impact assessment development? Could drone use be encompassed within the remit of existing national planning legislation, policy and guidance? Would public safety and risk come to be considered under the planning regime – such as the DfT Safeguarding Circular (1/2003) – or would it be the responsibility of the CAA? Would drone use be a subject for local policy in a Local Plan?

As technology continues to advance and drone use increases, it will be interesting to see what roles local authorities and the planning regime will have going forward. To date, technology seems to be leading the charge; whilst policy and law is being just responsive. Nationally, planning (at least via planning policy and guidance), should get on the front foot ready for when drone-related developments do come forward.

Content sourced from: Lichfields.uk

Wireless In-Flight Drone Recharging Tech For Prime Air

Amazon Prime Air is a drone delivery service that Amazon has been touting for almost four years now. Amazon’s drone delivery service delivered its first package on December 7, 2016. Almost four years later, it’s still a “future delivery system.” What’s missing? Probably something like wireless in-flight drone recharging from the tiny Portland-based Global Energy […]

World’s biggest drone — a 28-ton autonomous behemoth

Alabama rocket startup Aevum just unveiled the world’s biggest drone — a 28-ton autonomous behemoth that may soon rocket US military satellites into orbit Jay Skylus, the CEO of autonomous launch startup Aevum, stands in front of a Ravn X rocket-launching drone. Aevum Aevum, a quiet, scrappy, and ambitious rocket-launch startup, unveiled the biggest drone […]

3d printed rocket Relativity

3D printed rockets – the future of space exploration

Full-duration test of Aeon 1 rocket engine. Relativity Space said Monday that the company has successfully completed a full-duration test-firing of its Aeon 1 rocket engine, running it at full power for 187 seconds. The test at NASA’s Stennis Space Center in Mississippi took place with all of the engine’s key components—including turbopumps, injector, and […]

Drone Privacy Laws Around the World

As the use of drones expands around the world — according to the Federal Aviation Administration, there are currently 1.7 million drones registered in the United States alone — lawmakers have been faced with new and complex regulatory challenges to protect the privacy of ordinary citizens. The increased prevalence of drones has raised the prospect […]

Switching to Skydio and Increase Per-Pilot Revenue 37%

This blog is a teaser and summary of a longer-form written case study, available here at Skydio.com. One of the best parts of my job is talking to customers and listening to their stories about the way that Skydio 2 is changing the way they fly and in some cases, the way they fundamentally do […]

Fotokite – Tethered 24hr First Responder Drone

Fotokite already offers a clever response to two challenges for deploying drones: limited battery life and the need for a certified pilot. And now it’s tackling a third challenge with its new product: How to deploy a drone as quickly as possible in a first responder situation. Drones can be a tremendous asset to first […]

Skydio Autonomy™. A new age of drone intelligence

In last week’s blog, I shared with you some of the ways Skydio X2 was built to meet the needs of some of the drone industry’s most forward-thinking fleets. This week, I’d like to share some ideas about autonomy — what true autonomy is and why it matters, and how it will impact drone operations […]

DRONAMICS Announces World’s First Cargo Droneport Network

DRONAMICS, the world’s leading middle-mile cargo drone developer and operator, today unveiled the first 5 airports in its European network of cargo droneports. The DRONAMICS European Droneport Network is the world’s first cargo droneport network and includes private airports and airport groups operating more than 35 airports in 11 European countries, connecting 300 million […]

Non-Stop Flight from California to Sicily Completes NATO UAV Squadron

An RQ-4D Phoenix UAV from Northrop Grumman Corporation completed a 20-hour non-stop trans-Atlantic flight from California to Sicily, where it joined the NATO Alliance Ground Surveillance (AGS) squadron on Nov. 12 at Sigonella Air Base. The air vehicle is the last of five NATO RQ-4D aircraft, completing deliveries to the Main Operating Base (MOB) of […]

Anti-Jam GPS for Army’s Gray Eagle UAV Awarded to Cobham

For its flagship Gray Eagle UAV, the U.S. Army with lead contractor General Atomics Aeronautical Systems has selected an anti-jam GPS system from Cobham Aerospace Connectivity. The MQ-1C ER Gray Eagle Extended Range (GE-ER) Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) platform is a medium-altitude, long-endurance (MALE) unmanned aircraft system (UAS) developed as an upgrade to the MQ-1 […]

Request a NO OBLIGATION quote

The cost of a survey or inspection is simple to calculate, but is dependant on the mission and its location. Please provide details in order to complete an accurate quotation.  Get in touch we’ll be happy to provide a no obligation quotation

“Opportunities for the commercial application of drones is set to continue to grow…”

Digital Marketing Solutions

Have you looked at creating a promo for your business and found it too costly and complicated?

It’s time to impress your client base with affordable marketing solutions from Helix UAV. We can create a fully edited promotional film or you can have the raw footage (it’s yours).

To take your businesses potential to the next level lets show them what you’ve got.

3D imaging of objects and structures that can be interactively manipulated on your web page for your marketing purposes is now possible. You no longer need NASA you need Helix UAV.

Aerial Inspection

Aerial Surveying

Aerial Media

Aerial Imaging

Icon Logo for Helix UAV Drone Services 2

CORONAVIRUS

 

Government organisations or subsidiaries wishing to request assistance from Helix UAV during this extremely difficult time can send their requests via our dedicated email address:

 

coronavirus@helixuav.com

 

07480 041928

 

Please use the form below if you wish to subscribe to our news service. Please follow government guidelines and stay safe

 

HELIX UAV

 

 
 
 

You have sent your message